VOLKSWAGEN GOLF IV

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Foltsvagen Golf 4
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Exhaust system
+ 6. Ventilation and heating system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Suspension brackets and power shafts
+ 10. Steering
+ 11. Wheels and tires
+ 12. Brake system
+ 13. Body
- 14. Electric equipment and electroschemes
   14.1. Filament lamps
   14.2. Electric chains
   + 14.3. Detection of not closed chain
   14.4. Safety locks
   + 14.5. Accumulator
   + 14.6. Generator
   - 14.7. Starter
      14.7.1. System of start of the engine
      14.7.2. Removal and installation
      14.7.3. Check, removal and installation of the traction relay of a starter
      14.7.4. Main malfunctions of a starter
   14.8. Replacement of bulbs of external lighting
   14.9. Removal and installation of an additional signal of braking
   14.10. Replacement of bulbs of internal lighting
   + 14.11. Devices of external lighting
   + 14.12. Adjustment of light of headlights
   14.13. Removal and installation of a combination of devices
   14.14. Removal and installation of switches of a steering column
   14.15. Removal and installation of switches
   14.16. Removal and radio receiver installation
   14.17. Removal and installation of high-frequency loudspeakers
   14.18. Removal and installation of low-frequency loudspeakers
   14.19. Recommendations about phone installation
   14.20. Aerial
   14.21. Check of a heater of back glass
   + 14.22. Explanations to electric circuits
   + 14.23. Schemes of electric equipment of the VW Golf car since September, 1997.






14.7. Starter

GENERAL INFORMATION

The starter represents the electric motor of a direct current with the mixed excitement with the electromagnetic traction relay. The starter consists of the case or a stator with windings of excitement, an anchor with the obgonny coupling, covers with shchetkoderzhatel and the traction relay.

At starter inclusion through a winding of the traction relay of a starter the current from the accumulator starts to proceed. The anchor of the relay is involved and contacts of the relay become isolated. At the same time the relay anchor via the lever moves the obgonny coupling with a gear wheel. The nave of the obgonny coupling turns on screw shlitsa of a shaft of an anchor of a starter turns as well a gear wheel that facilitates input it in gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel. Through the closed contacts of the traction relay there is a current feeding windings of a stator and an anchor, and the anchor of a starter starts to rotate together with a nave and the obgonny coupling.

After engine start frequency of rotation of a gear wheel exceeds frequency of rotation of an anchor of a starter. In this case the obgonny coupling is freely turned and the torque is not transferred from an engine flywheel to a shaft of an anchor of a starter. After an ignition key otpuskaniye the power-supply circuit of windings of the traction relay via the switch of ignition is disconnected, the anchor of the traction relay is wrung out by a spring in a starting position, contacts of the relay are disconnected and the gear wheel of a drive leaves gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel.