VOLKSWAGEN GOLF IV

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Foltsvagen Golf 4
- 1. Maintenance instruction
   + 1.1. Governing bodies, devices and equipment
   + 1.2. Weekly checks and service in a way
   - 1.3. Maintenance
      1.3.1. Technical characteristics
      1.3.2. Periodicity of service
      + 1.3.3. Maintenance regulations
      + 1.3.4. Engine oil
      + 1.3.5. Replacement of oil and oil filter
      1.3.6. Check of an exhaust system
      + 1.3.7. System of cooling of the engine
      1.3.8. Replacement of a filtering element of the air filter
      1.3.9. Check of a condition of a poliklinovy belt
      + 1.3.10. Spark plugs
      1.3.11. Replacement of the fuel filter (diesel engines)
      1.3.12. Check of tightness of hoses and liquid effluence
      1.3.13. Maple belts
      1.3.14. Measurement of wear of gear belts on diesel engines
      + 1.3.15. Box of transfers / main transfer
      + 1.3.16. Check of a forward suspension bracket and steering
      1.3.17. Shock-absorber check
      1.3.18. Radiator check
      1.3.19. Electroconducting check
      1.3.20. Check of level of liquid in the amplifier of a steering
      + 1.3.21. Brake liquid
      1.3.22. Check of forward brake shoes
      1.3.23. Check of back brake shoes of disk brakes
      1.3.24. Check of back brake shoes of drum-type brakes
      1.3.25. Check of brake hoses
      1.3.26. Check of cables of the hand brake
      1.3.27. Check of a condition of seat belts
      1.3.28. Safety cushions
      1.3.29. Hinges of doors
      1.3.30. Replacement of the dust filter
      - 1.3.31. Storage battery
         1.3.31.1. Check of level of electrolit
         1.3.31.2. Operation in winter conditions
         1.3.31.3. Charge of the storage battery
         1.3.31.4. A battery detachment from an onboard network
         1.3.31.5. Removal and installation of the storage battery
         1.3.31.6. Accumulator acquisition
      + 1.3.32. Stekloomyvateli
      1.3.33. Brushes of screen wipers
      1.3.34. Check of a starting position of the lever of a screen wiper
      1.3.35. Battery replacement in a key of remote control
      1.3.36. Service-indicator zeroing
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Exhaust system
+ 6. Ventilation and heating system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Suspension brackets and power shafts
+ 10. Steering
+ 11. Wheels and tires
+ 12. Brake system
+ 13. Body
+ 14. Electric equipment and electroschemes




1.3.31. Storage battery

GENERAL INFORMATION

The accumulator is a device for energy storage in a chemical form which can be used as an electricity.

The accumulator works thanks to that two various metals, being in acid solution, develop an electricity.

The accumulator possesses 100 % efficiency at 27 °C. At-18 ° About efficiency of the same accumulator falls to 40 %. Now to start the engine, it is necessary to have more than twice more energy, than it was necessary at 27 ° for Page.

The starting capacity (starting amperes) shows ability of the accumulator to start the car in the conditions of very cold weather. It shows number of amperes which develops the accumulator within 30 seconds at-18 ° With without power failure below 7,2 volts (the minimum level demanded for reliable start). The this indicator, the more starting capacity of the accumulator is higher.

The reserve capacity shows extent of time in minutes during which the accumulator provides 25 amperes at 27 ° with Page. This factor represents time during which the accumulator ensures functioning of all auxiliary devices in the car at night and in the conditions of bad weather at the faulty generator of a charge.

In winter conditions at-18 ° With and below the accumulator will be badly charged in connection with increase of internal resistance. At short trips in the winter the energy spent by the accumulator for start, is not compensated. As a result the accumulator works very hard, is constantly discharged and eventually refuses.

In summer months after long trips the engine strongly heats up, and often happens that it is difficult for starting anew. Such "hot starts" sometimes demand as much capacity, how many and at cold weather, or it is more. It especially extends on vysokokompressionny engines with large working volume and cars with conditioners. It once again emphasizes importance of a right choice of the accumulator according to the car engine.


Prevention

It is necessary to work in goggles. It is impossible to allow hits of drops of acid and the particles containing compounds of lead, in eyes, on skin or on clothes.

The electrolit is very aggressive. Use protective gloves and points. Do not incline the battery – from ventilating openings the electrolit can pour out. At electrolit hit in eyes immediately wash out eyes pure water within several minutes. After that immediately address to the doctor. At electrolit hit on skin or on clothes immediately neutralize acid alkaline soap and wash out the corresponding place a large number at its finest. If by mistake of electrolits got in an organism, urgently address to the doctor.

At a charge of storage batteries the explosive mix of gases is allocated.

At work with wires and electric devices using fire, the sparking devices opened by fire-dangerous light devices and smoking is forbidden. It is necessary to avoid iskreniye emergence at the address with wires and electric devices. Never close directly battery plugs – there is a big danger of receiving herbs we because of a strong iskreniye.


Before carrying out any works on system of electric equipment of the car disconnect minus a wire from the storage battery. At replacement of filament lamps it is enough to switch off the corresponding switches.

At a detachment of the storage battery from the onboard power supply network of the car disconnect at first minus a wire, and then plusovy. At the working engine it is impossible to disconnect the battery, electronic devices of system of electric equipment otherwise will be damaged.

At battery installation on the car it is necessary to connect at first plusovy a wire, and then – minus.

That the case of the storage battery to protect from impact of ultra-violet radiation, it is not necessary to store the battery at a direct daylight.