VOLKSWAGEN GOLF IV

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Foltsvagen Golf 4
- 1. Maintenance instruction
   - 1.1. Governing bodies, devices and equipment
      1.1.1. Control devices
      1.1.2. Control lamps
      1.1.3. The board computer with the multipurpose index
      1.1.4. Functioning control
      1.1.5. Violations of paramount importance (red pictograms)
      1.1.6. Violations of minor importance (yellow pictograms)
      1.1.7. Navigation system
      1.1.8. Keys
      + 1.1.9. Doors
      + 1.1.10. Central blocking of locks
      1.1.11. Security system of the alarm system
      1.1.12. Remote radio management of locks
      1.1.13. Unlocking and car locking
      + 1.1.14. Electrowindow regulators
      1.1.15. Elevating and movable panel of the hatch of a roof
      - 1.1.16. Switches and switches
         1.1.16.1. Electronic system of stabilization of ESP
         1.1.16.2. Antiprobuksovochny system ASR
      1.1.17. Podruleva switch of indexes of turn and light of headlights
      1.1.18. Internal lighting
      + 1.1.19. Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel
      1.1.20. Rear-view mirrors
      1.1.21. Heating of back glass
      1.1.22. Sun-protection peaks
      + 1.1.23. Forward seats
      1.1.24. Head restraints
      1.1.25. Armrests
      1.1.26. Heating of seats
      1.1.27. Adjustable steering column
      1.1.28. Fixing eyes
      1.1.29. Shelf of a luggage compartment
      1.1.30. Back many-placed seat
      1.1.31. Coasters
      1.1.32. Ashtrays
      + 1.1.33. Heating and ventilation
      1.1.34. Mechanical transmission
      + 1.1.35. Automatic transmission
      1.1.36. Parking brake
      + 1.1.37. Ignition lock
      + 1.1.38. Cruise control
      + 1.1.39. Inflatable safety cushions
      1.1.40. Fuelling
      + 1.1.41. Fuel
      + 1.1.42. Braking
      1.1.43. Protivobuksovochny system (EDS)
      1.1.44. Protivobuksovochny system with reduction of a torque (ASR)
      1.1.45. Amplifier of a wheel
      1.1.46. Cowl of a motor compartment
      + 1.1.47. Towing eyes
      1.1.48. Driving
   + 1.2. Weekly checks and service in a way
   + 1.3. Maintenance
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Cooling system
+ 4. Fuel system
+ 5. Exhaust system
+ 6. Ventilation and heating system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. Suspension brackets and power shafts
+ 10. Steering
+ 11. Wheels and tires
+ 12. Brake system
+ 13. Body
+ 14. Electric equipment and electroschemes




1.1.16.1. Electronic system of stabilization of ESP

GENERAL INFORMATION

Electronic system of stabilization of ESP

Cars with anti-blocking system (AVS) can be also equipped with electronic system of stabilization (ESP).

By means of system of stabilization control of dynamics of the car in limiting modes is carried out, for example, when overcoming turns on high speed. The system of stabilization will involve anti-blocking, antiprobuksovochny and protivobuksovochny systems and reduces danger of demolition or car drift at all possible conditions of a paving. At all speeds of movement the system of stabilization operates together with ABS. At failure of ABS work and stabilization systems is broken. The system of stabilization joins automatically after engine start. If necessary this system together with antiprobuksovochny system can be switched off by key pressing and is again included.

At the switched-off system of stabilization the control lamp of ESP burns. Usually the system of stabilization is always included. Only in certain exceptional cases when pro-slipping of wheels is desirable to switch off preferably system, for example:

 – at movement with antisliding chains;
 – at movement on deep snow or on friable soil;
 – when rocking the got stuck car.

After overcoming of such sites it is necessary to include stabilization system again.


Prevention

For ensuring trouble-free operation of protivobuksovochny system it is necessary, that all wheels were dressed in identical tires. Distinction of ways of a running in of tires can lead to undesirable decrease in capacity developed by the engine.


Action of system of stabilization

In electronic system of stabilization the anti-blocking system, antiprobuksovochny and protivobuksovochny systems are integrated. Except that information which is necessary for these systems, to the control unit electronic system of stabilization additional data which are delivered by high-sensitivity sensors are required. Sizes of accelerations are measured in the cross-section plane, pressure in system of a drive of brakes and an angle of rotation of operated wheels speed of moving of a body round a vertical axis of the car.

On the basis of the operated wheels given about an angle of rotation and speed of the car that direction in which the driver of the car intends to move is defined, and it is constantly compared with the actual behavior of the car. At inconsistency of these factors when demolition or car drift begins, the stabilization system automatically brakes a certain wheel.

By means of those forces which arise at a pritormazhivaniye of the necessary wheel, the car comes back to a condition of dynamic stability. At a superfluous povorachivayemost of the car (aspiration to drift of a back part of the car) braking influence is put to a forward external wheel in relation to turn; at an insufficient povorachivayemost (the aspiration to demolition of a forward part of the car кнаружи turn) is braked a back internal wheel.
Prevention

The electronic system of stabilization not in forces to overcome the borders established by laws of physics. It is necessary not to forget about it, especially at movement on the slippery or wet road. Therefore it is necessary to coordinate a mode of movement of the car with a condition of a paving and the general traffic conditions always. The raised degree of safety thanks to existence of system of stabilization does not mean that it is possible to risk recklessly!